Who determines what Euroclass cable is required?
All EU member states and CE adopters must adhere to the CPR. Within the EU, individual member states can determine which EuroClasses they will incorporate into their specific construction regulations and standards. Euroclasses B2ca, Cca, and Dca are categorised as cables with low fire hazards, and they are required to undergo testing according to EN 50399 Flame Spread and EN 60332-1-2 standards. Euroclass Eca, on the other hand, only needs to satisfy the EN 60332-1-2 standard. For residential and standard commercial spaces across the EU, extensive employment of Euroclass Dca and Eca is anticipated.
The decision regarding the classifications to be adopted within each EU member state for local construction specifications rests with that particular state. Hence, this regulation doesn't imply uniform applicability of the same cable class throughout Europe.
Some examples of how these regulations are being implemented across Europe are as follows: In France, the minimal requirement is Class Dca. In Germany, the determination relies on the nature of the building. For instance, high-rise structures necessitate Class Cca, while fire escape routes require Class B2ca. Class Eca is exclusively permissible for isolated buildings with limited usage and population. In Sweden, the choice is contingent on the presence of fire suppression systems. Class Dca is the baseline requirement for bundled cable installations in the Netherlands, whereas Class B2ca and Cca are mandated for buildings with substantial populations or challenging evacuation scenarios.